[ Browse by Service Category : Criminal Justice and Legal Services : Sub-Topics of Criminal Correctional System (4) ]

Alternative Sentencing/Supervision

Programs that provide formal supervision of offenders released conditionally on probation or parole or confined to their homes or other venues in the community; that offer alternatives to involvement in the juvenile justice system for youth involved in minor summary conviction offences; or that provide the option of participating in counselling, educational or work programs as an alternative to incarceration in a correctional facility, payment of a fine or other sanctions. Defendants convicted of less serious crimes may be sentenced to simple probation, i.e., supervision in the community under the direction of a probation officer. For other crimes, a judge may choose from three intermediate sanctions: community confinement, intermittent confinement, and home detention. For more serious crimes, judges may impose a split sentence, in which the defendant spends a short time in prison and the remainder of the sentence in one of the intermediate sanctions. Community confinement means residence in a treatment centre outside the prison walls, such as a halfway house or drug rehabilitation centre. Community confinement may be imposed instead of prison time, or as a means of easing transition back into the community after time spent in prison. Intermittent confinement means the defendant is free to go to work or live at home for part of the week, but must spend time in jail on weekends. Home confinement is a judicially managed system of punishment and control for offenders deemed safe enough to live in their own homes, but requiring a higher degree of supervision.

[ Sub-Topics | View Programs and Services (4) ]

The above terms and definitions are part of the Taxonomy of Human Services, used here by permission of INFO LINE of Los Angeles.


Every effort is made to ensure that the information in this database is accurate, up-to-date and comprehensive. The Community Information Centre of Ottawa (CICO) cannot assume liability resulting from errors or omissions. Inclusion of a program or service does not imply endorsement, nor does omission reflect on the contribution that an organization makes in a community. The reader should verify the information before acting on it. To view the Database Information Collection and Maintenance Policy click here.

This database is linked to other websites that are not under the control of and are not maintained by the Community Information Centre of Ottawa. The CICO is not responsible for the content of those websites. The CICO is providing these links to you only as a convenience, and the inclusion of any link to such websites does not imply endorsement by the CICO of those websites. Anyone linking to this database must comply with these Terms and all applicable laws.

The Community Information Centre of Ottawa holds the intellectual property rights for the information in this database. You may display it on your computer and print or download this information for non-commercial, personal or educational purposes only. You must credit the CICO as the source on each copy of any information that originates from this database. Please contact us for permission to use the information for any purpose other than those outlined here.